Disorder of Written Expression
A disorder resulting from problems in poor writing skills. Students with written expression disorder have a
problem with their writing skills. Their writing skills are significantly below what is
normal considering the students age, intelligence, and education. The poor writing
skills cause problems with the student's academic success or other important areas of
As measured by
functional assessment or by a standardized test that is given individually, the
patient's writing ability is substantially less than you
would expect considering age, intelligence
The difficulty with
writing grammatically correct sentences and organized paragraphs materially
impedes academic achievement or daily living.
If there is also a
sensory defect, the writing deficiency is worse than you would expect with it.
* Low self-esteem
* Social problems
* Increased dropout rate at school
Some disorders have similar or even the same symptoms. The clinician, therefore, in
his/her diagnostic attempt has to differentiate against the following disorders which need
to be ruled out to establish a precise diagnosis.
* Conduct disorder
* Attention deficit disorder
* Other learning disorders
Three to 10% of school age children have some degree of
this disorder. Children that have disorder of written expression have trouble in spelling,
errors in punctuation, errors in grammar, and poor handwriting. These abilities are
generally critical for success in school and college. This disorder appears by itself or
in conjunction with other learning disabilities. Other disabilities linked with the
disorder of written expression are: reading disorder, expressive language disorder,
mathematics disorder and developmental coordination disorder.
Although educators attempt to intervene, there
is no proven effective treatment for the disorder of written expression.
Educational Psychology [ See Educational Psychology Section
on the remedial teaching of writing and a heavy emphasis on student practice of writing
may be helpful.
Developmental Disorders Links