This is a general
term that refers to physical disorders that cause a decrease in mental
function, usually not including psychiatric disorders. Also known
as: chronic organic brain syndrome; OBS; organic mental disorder
with the specific disease. In general, organic brain syndromes cause
varying extent of confusion, delirium (severe, short term losses of
brain function), agitation, and dementia (long-term, often progressive,
losses of brain function).
syndrome associated with consumption of drugs.
Some disorders have similar symptoms. The clinician, therefore, in
his diagnostic attempt, has to differentiate against the following
disorders which need to be ruled out to establish a precise diagnosis.
syndrome (OBS) is a common "diagnosis" of the elderly. It
is not an inevitable part of aging, however. OBS is not a separate
disease entity, but is a general term used to categorize physical
conditions that can cause mental changes.
with OBS include, but are not limited to:
Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus
Hypertensive Brain Injury
Dementia due to metabolic causes
Drug and alcohol related conditions
Other conditions that may be related to organic brain syndrome include
depression, neuroses, and psychoses of various types, which may
occur simultaneously with the OBS.
It is not an inevitable
part of aging, however. OBS is not a separate disease entity, but
is a general term used to categorize physical conditions that can
cause mental changes.
Treatment varies with the specific
disorder. Many of the disorders have nonspecific treatments, primarily
supportive care to assist the person in areas where brain function
is lost. Medications may be needed to reduce aggressive behaviors
typical of some of the conditions in this category.