This is a
general term that refers to physical disorders that cause a decrease
in mental function, usually not including psychiatric disorders.
Also known as: chronic organic brain syndrome; OBS; organic mental
with the specific disease. In general, organic brain syndromes
cause varying extent of confusion, delirium (severe, short term
losses of brain function), agitation, and dementia (long-term,
often progressive, losses of brain function).
brain syndrome associated with consumption of drugs.
Some disorders have similar symptoms. The clinician, therefore,
in his diagnostic attempt, has to differentiate against the following
disorders which need to be ruled out to establish a precise diagnosis.
syndrome (OBS) is a common "diagnosis" of the elderly.
It is not an inevitable part of aging, however. OBS is not a separate
disease entity, but is a general term used to categorize physical
conditions that can cause mental changes.
associated with OBS include, but are not limited to:
Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus
Hypertensive Brain Injury
Dementia due to metabolic causes
Drug and alcohol related conditions
Other conditions that may be related to organic brain syndrome
include depression, neuroses, and psychoses of various types,
which may occur simultaneously with the OBS.
It is not
an inevitable part of aging, however. OBS is not a separate disease
entity, but is a general term used to categorize physical conditions
that can cause mental changes.
Treatment varies with the
specific disorder. Many of the disorders have nonspecific treatments,
primarily supportive care to assist the person in areas where
brain function is lost. Medications may be needed to reduce aggressive
behaviors typical of some of the conditions in this category.