motor behavior seems driven, repetitive and nonfunctional. Examples
include biting or hitting self, body rocking, hand shaking or
waving, head banging, mouthing of objects, picking at skin or
This behavior seriously interferes with normal activities or causes
physical injury that requires medical treatment. Main characteristics
If the patient also has Mental
Retardation, the stereotypic behavior is serious enough to
be a focus of treatment. The behavior is not better explained
by a compulsion (as in Obsessive-Compulsive
Disorder), a tic (Tic
Disorder), hair pulling (Trichotillomania)
or a Pervasive
It is not directly
caused by a general medical condition or the effects of substance
The behavior has
persisted for at least 4 weeks.
Specify if With
Behavior. The behavior causes bodily injury that requires
medical treatment (or would, if the child were not interfered
have similar or even the same symptoms. The clinician, therefore,
in his/her diagnostic attempt has to differentiate against the
following disorders which need to be ruled out to establish
a precise diagnosis.
Delayed-onset Movement Disorder.
Mild Neuromotor Disabilities.
Drug-induced Movement Disorder.
of this disorder are unknown. The movements appear to increase
with stress , frustration and boredom. Stereotypic movement
disorder is more common among boys.
should be centered around the symptom, cause, and child's age.
The environment should be changed for those children that are
self-injurious to make sure they are safe.
and Psychotherapy [ See
Therapy Section ]:
techniques and psychotherapy have been the most successful treatment